France had lost 1.3 million soldiers, 25% of whom were French men aged 18 to 30 and 400,000 civilians. France had been more physically damaged than any other nation (the red zone), the most industrialized region and the source of most of the north-eastern coal and iron ore had been devastated and, in the final days of the war, mines had been flooded and railways, bridges and factories had been destroyed.)  Clemenceau intended to ensure France`s security by weakening Germany economically, militarily, territorially and by ousting Germany as the leading steel producer in Europe.     [short incomplete quotation] The British economist and Versailler negotiator, John Maynard Keynes, summed up this position by trying to “set aside and undo what had been achieved since 1870 by Germany`s progress.”  I leave Paris after eight fateful months with conflicting feelings. If you look at the conference after the fact, there is a lot to take, but there is a lot to regret. It is easy to say what should have been done, but more difficult to have found a way to do it. To those who say that the Treaty is bad and that it should never have been concluded and that it will put Europe in an infinite number of difficulties to impose it, I admit. But I would also say that empires cannot be dismantled and that new states can be raised peacefully on their ruins. Creating new frontiers creates new problems. One follows the other. Although I would have preferred another peace, I doubt very much that it could have been produced, because the ingredients necessary for such peace, as I would have missed in Paris.  Exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke François Ferdinand, which sparked the war, Germany was signed in the mirror room of the Palace of Versailles, near Paris.
The Japanese felt unfairly treated by the Allies, especially the United States, France and Great Britain, in the treaty, and they obtained what they did not consider sufficient in exchange for their efforts against the German Empire during the war. Japan has tried to amend the proposal on racial equality in the treaty, which imposes racial equality on members of the League of Nations. The amendment received broad support, but was virtually rejected when it was rejected by the United States and Australia. Japanese nationalism has increased in response to their growing distrust of Western powers. As a result, Japan alienated itself from world powers and allowed it to pursue its own strategic interests in Asia and the Pacific. The citizens of the United Kingdom, France and the countries that supported them celebrated. Regarding Silesia`s popular initiative, Blanke said that “the electorate spoke at least 60% Polish, which means that about one in three Poles voted for Germany” and that “most Polish observers and historians” concluded that the referendum result was due to the holder`s “unfair German advantages and socio-economic position”.